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Style Guide

University of Divinity Style Guide

Bible

For referencing of biblical texts the University of Divinity observes the latest edition of The SBL Handbook of Style available online via the UD Library Hub. The Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) has published a student supplement of the handbook in pdf format which is available for free download: https://www.sbl-site.org/assets/pdfs/pubs/SBLHSsupp2015-02.pdf. Biblical languages may be quoted in the original characters or in transliteration (see The SBL Handbook of Style for guidance). Short biblical references are given in text, using an abbreviated title. Semi-colons separate each biblical reference where multiple references are used. If the translation needs specifying, it is noted in abbreviated form.

Rule for notes in text

(Abbreviated book title Chapter:Verses in sequence separated by an en dash Translation if required)

Example of note entry in text

(Gal 5:22–23, 25; Jer 17:7–8 NRSV)

Commonly used abbreviations follow, but refer to SBL 8.3 for further detail.        

ch. / chs.

chapter / chapters

NIV

New International Version

v. / vv.

verse / verses

NJB

New Jerusalem Bible

LXX

Septuagint

NRSV

New Revised Standard Version

MT

Masoretic Text

RSV

Revised Standard Version

Hebrew Bible/Old Testament

Gen

Genesis

Prov

Proverbs

Exod

Exodus

Isa

Isaiah

Lev

Leviticus

Jer

Jeremiah

Num

Numbers

Lam

Lamentations

Deut

Deuteronomy

Ezek

Ezekiel

Josh

Joshua

Dan

Daniel

Judg

Judges

Hos

Hosea

Ruth

Ruth

Joel

Joel

1–2 Sam

1–2 Samuel

Amos

Amos

1–2 Kgdms

1–2 Kings (LXX)

Obad

Obadiah

1–2 Kgs

1–2 Kings

Jonah

Jonah

3–4 Kgdms

3–4 Kings (LXX)

Mic

Micah

1–2 Chr

1–2 Chronicles

Nah

Nahum

Ezra

Ezra

Hab

Habakkuk

Neh

Nehemiah

Zeph

Zephaniah

Esth

Esther

Hag

Haggai

Job

Job

Zech

Zechariah

Ps/Pss

Psalms

Mal

Malachi

Eccl (or Qoh)

Ecclesiastes (or Qoheleth)

Song (or Cant)

Song of Songs (or Song of Solomon, or Canticles)

New Testament

Matt

Matthew

1–2 Thess

1–2 Thessalonians

Mark

Mark

1–2 Tim

1–2 Timothy

Luke

Luke

Titus

Titus

John

John

Phlm

Philemon

Acts

Acts

Heb

Hebrews

Rom

Romans

Jas

James

1–2 Cor

1–2 Corinthians

1–2 Pet

1–2 Peter

Gal

Galatians

1–2–3 John

1–2–3 John

Eph

Ephesians

Jude

Jude

Phil

Philippians

Rev

Revelation

Col

Colossians

 

 

Deuterocanonical Works and Septuagint

Tob

Tobit

Sg Three

Song of the Three Young Men

Jdt

Judith

Sus

Susanna

Add Esth

Additions to Esther

Bel

Bel and the Dragon

Add Dan

Additions to Daniel

1–2 Macc

1–2 Maccabees

Wis

Wisdom of Solomon

1 Esd

1 Esdras

Sir

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus

Pr Man

Prayer of Manasseh

Bar

Baruch

Ps 151

Psalm 151

Ep Jer

Epistle of Jeremiah

3–4 Macc

3–4 Maccabees

Add Dan

Additions to Daniel

2 Esd

2 Esdras

Pr Azar

Prayer of Azariah